Saturday, July 13, 2019

July 13th in stamps Treaty of Berlin, Carabinieri, Caesar, Kahlo

Here are some events that happened on July 13th. It could be an event or a person that died or was born on that day

100 BC Born:  Julius Caesar, Roman general and statesman 

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC),known by his nomen and cognomen Julius Caesar, was a populist Roman dictator, politician, military general, and historian who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. He also wrote Latin prose

Gaius Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar,

1814 – The Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established

The Carabinieri formally Arma dei Carabinieri, "Carabineers Force"; previously Corpo dei Carabinieri Reali, "Royal Carabineers Corps") are the national gendarmerie of Italy who primarily carry out domestic policing duties. It is one of Italy's main law enforcement agencies, alongside the Polizia di Stato and the Guardia di Finanza. As with the Guardia di Finanza but in contrast to the Polizia di Stato, the Carabinieri are a military force. As the fourth branch of the Italian Armed Forces, they come under the authority of the Ministry of Defence.

Italian stamp depicting the Carabinieri

1878 – Treaty of Berlin: The European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman Empire.

The Treaty of Berlin (formally the Treaty between Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Great Britain and Ireland, Italy, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire for the Settlement of Affairs in the East) was signed on 13 July 1878. In the aftermath of the Russian victory against the Ottoman Empire, the major powers restructured the map of the Balkan region. They reversed some of the extreme gains claimed by Russia in the preliminary Treaty of San Stefano, but the Ottomans lost their major holdings in Europe

Some first issued stamps from Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia can be seen below


Bosnia 1st series issued depicting the coat of arms of Bosnia


Prince Nikola I Petrović-Njegoš of Montenegro


Mihailo Obrenović III Prince of Serbia

1954 Died:  Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter and educator (b. 1907)

Frida Kahlo de Rivera (born Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón; 6 July 1907 – 13 July 1954) was a Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self-portraits and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico. Inspired by the country's popular culture, she employed a naïve folk art style to explore questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender, class and race in Mexican society. Her paintings often had strong autobiographical elements and mixed realism with fantasy. In addition to belonging to the post-revolutionary Mexicayotl movement, which sought to define a Mexican identity, Kahlo has been described as a surrealist or magical realist

Here are some stamps from the US and Mexico with Frida Kahlo on them.  The 2001 stamps were a join issue between Mexico and the United States

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