Showing posts with label austria. Show all posts
Showing posts with label austria. Show all posts

Sunday, January 01, 2023

Added to my collection in January 2023

 This will just be a post with all the stamps that I added to my collections in January 2023

January 1st

Netherlands 1852 King William III 5 cent pair

Netherlands 1852 King William III 5 cent pair NVPH 1

The first stamps issued in the the Netherlands in 1852. A nice pair. There are 6 different plates of this stamp.. once I figure out which plate this is, I will add it here

Netherlands 1907 Postage Due set 

Netherlands 1907 Postage Due set M. A. de Ruyter

Overprints on the M. A. de Ruyter set of 1907. There are 2 types of the fraction stamps

Netherlands Juliana and Number stamps from Booklets

Netherlands Juliana and Number stamps from Booklets

These stamps are from several booklets

January 23

Switzerland 1923 airmail stamps

Switzerland 1923 airmail stamps  Michel number 179-184

Michel number 179/184. I think these are real beauties....

Europa CEPT various years

Europa CEPT various years

These will go towards completing my Europa CEPT collection from 1956-2000, still have a long way to go......

Austria 30  year anniversary of Carinthian plebiscite

Austria 30  year anniversary of Carinthian plebiscite.jpg

1950 Michel numbers 952/954, Scott number B269/B271

Switzerland 1915/1921 Tell tête-bêche pairs

Switzerland Tell tête-bêche pairs

Michel 138 type II, 158, 160a 

I love tête-bêche pairs... of course the real nice ones to have are the French Ceres and Napoleon ones

Netherlands 1952 Stamp Centenary of Dutch Postage 

Netherlands 1952 Stamp Centenary of Dutch Postage

Scott# 336-39 NVPH 592/595

There are 2 sets with identical stamps but in different colors. There were only 205,700 sets issued of the 4 pictured here. The ones in different colors were issued by the millions... 242 million for the 2 cent stamp (in violet color instead of brown)

Netherlands 1872 King William III 2.5 Guilders

Netherlands 1872 King William III 2.5 Guilders

NVPH number 29, Scott number 33. This is the first 2 color stamps issued in the Netherlands

Netherlands 1893 Princess Wilhelmina 2.5 Guilders

Netherlands 1893 Princess Wilhelmina 2.5 Guilders

NVPH number 48, Scott number 53

And here they are side by side, father and daughter  :-)

Netherlands 1893 Princess Wilhelmina, Netherlands 1872 King William III 2.5 Guilders

Netherlands 1920 Queen Wilhelmina 10 guilders surcharged with 250 cents

Netherlands Wilhelmina 10 guilders 1920 surcharged with 250 cents

NVPH number 105, Scott number 105... look at that.... the same catalog number

Friday, October 07, 2022

Added to my collection October 2022

This will just be a post with all the stamps that I added to my collections in October 2022

October 2nd

Got a bunch of stamps in this envelope (see for stamps further below)
Do Not Bend

Notice the "Please Do Not Bend" part? Well the person working for USPS did not notice it and tried to make it fit.... Luckily no stamps were damaged. Also I was wondering how they can still use non Euro denominated stamps to mail these out?

Switzerland 1852 Michel no 12

Switzerland 1852 Michel no 12.. not the best margins….

Michel number 12, Scott number 12 as well

Not the best margins unfortunately…  Hopefully in the future I will get a cleaner specimen

Austria MNH stamps and some used sheets

Austria MNH stamps and some used sheets

Just filling in gaps in my collection  :-)

Switzerland 1999 125 year UPU anniversary

Switzerland 1999 125 year UPU anniversary.. pretty cool design

This is a pretty cool design

Monaco 1983 Europa CEPT mini sheet

Monaco 1983 Europa CEPT mini sheet

This sheet can go in a Monaco collection as well as in a Balloon, Space or Europa CEPT thematic collection 

Switzerland Vignette from year album/yearbook 1999 

Switzerland Vignette from year album/yearbook 1999

October 7th

Germany 1926 airmail stamps 

Germany 1926 airmail stamps Michel 378/84 Scott C27/34

Michel 378/84 Scott C27/34... I always liked this set

October 25th

Netherlands 1967 Amphilex sheets

I have been eyeing these for a while now and they are finally part of my collection

Netherlands 1967 Amphilex sheets

On the sheets are stamps from the first 3 issues

Europa CEPT mini sheets and booklets

Just adding these to complete at least the common issues... still have ways to go

Europa CEPT minisheets and booklets

French Colonies Peace And Commerce 1877

French Colonies Peace And Commerce 1877 Michel 28, Scott 32

I love these stamps from France, I loved them even more when they are imperforated like they were issued for the French Colonies

Michel catalog number 28, Scott catalog number 32

Belgian Telephone tete beche gutter pair stamps

Belgian Telephone tete beche gutter pair stamps

These can't be found in the Michel or Scott catalogs

Luckily I have a buddy that has the Belgian COB catalog

Belgian catalog tete beche gutter pair catalog

Looks like catalog number TE29/TE32.. 

October 28th

Swiss stamps from 1989 -1999

Swiss MNH stamps 1

Swiss MNH stamps 2

Swiss MNH stamps 3

Swiss MNH stamps 4

Didn't have most of these... so this is a good percentage of stamps that I am adding to my Switzerland collection

Friday, September 02, 2022

Added to my collection September 2022

 This will just be a post with all the stamps that I added to my collections in September 2022

September 1st

Belgium 1925 Kings Leopold I and Albert I

Belgium 1925 Kings Leopold I and Albert I

75th Anniversary of Belgian postage stamps. These were sold only in sets and only bu the Administration of Posts, not at all post offices

Scott numbers:  172/184

Michel numbers: 191/203

September 2nd

Germany 1912 Semiofficial Flight Stamp Margateten Volksfest Winged Man 50pf

Germany 1912 Semiofficial Flight Stamp Margateten Volksfest Winged Man 50pf

Michel number 4a

Could these be Daedalus And Icarus? The catalog just says winged man

France 1942 Private Issue Legion Des Volontaires 

France 1942 Private Issue Legion Des Volontaires

Action committee of the Legion of French Volunteers Against Bolshevism

Michel II/V

September 12th

Austria number 1

Austria number 1

That completes the first issue for Austria (1-5)

Now my messy page 1 looks like this

Austria Page 1

September 12th

Netherlands 1928 Olympic Games set

NVPH catalog 212/219, finally I completed this set  :-)

I only need 99 stamps to complete Netherlands till 1990 including semi postal stamps...

Netherlands 1928 Olympic Games set  NVPH catalog 212/219

September 17th

Europa CEPT stamps

Europa CEPT stamps from Iceland, Germany, Yugoslavia and Greece

Cept Iceland Germany

Cept Greece

Europa Cept Yugoslavia sheets

Netherlands Booklets

The Tintin (Kuifje) one is my favorite

Netherlands Booklets

France 1949, centenary of French stamps

Scott number 626

France 1949 Centenary Ceres Scott 624

Netherlands William III 1913 5 Guilder

Just missing the 10 guilder from this set now :-)

Netherlands William III 1913 5 Guilder

Franz Joseph stamps from Austria

I already have a bunch of these but I need to check the various types as well as the numerous perforations that exist for these stamps (always a pain in the neck  :-) )

Austria Franz Joseph to check types and perforations

Friday, July 08, 2022

Added to collection July 2022

 This will just be a post with all the stamps that I added to my collections in July 2022

July 2

Lombardy and Venice 1850 Scott #3

Lombardy and Venice 1850 Scott #3

For some reason Scott skips number 2... maybe things shifted around because there was a 60c blue stamp, however this one was never issued.  Either way.. just missing number 1 now from this set

Austria 1935 Scott B118/B121

Austria 1935 Scott B118/B121

This is listed in the Michel catalog as number 613/616, did I tell you how I hate that Scott separates the semi-postals? It is very annoying, especially when you have a set where 4 stamps are postage and 1 is semi postal (Olympic set from Germany comes to mind)

I always loved this set and Now I have added it to my collection

July 7

Japan Moonin stamps

Japan Moonin stamps

I got these as a swap with someone from the UK, I thought they looked cute so I got them. Don't have too many Japanese stamps but I am working on changing that  :-)

Don't know the year or catalog numbers for these

July 21

Japan 1929 Airmail C3/C7

Japan 1929 Airmail C3/C7

Japan 1937 Semi-postals B1/B3

Japan 1937 Semi-postals B1/B3

Will update this post once I get more stamps in July

Wednesday, August 18, 2021

Nobel laureates 1905: Philipp Lenard, Adolf von Baeyer, Robert Koch, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Bertha von Suttner

The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: Nobelpriset, Norwegian: Nobelprisen) are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. They were established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, which dictates that the awards should be administered by the Nobel Foundation. The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was established in 1968 by the Sveriges Riksbank, the central bank of Sweden, for contributions to the field of economics. Each recipient, or "laureate", receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a sum of money, which is decided annually by the Nobel Foundation

Here is a list of 1905 Nobel laureates  

Physics: Philipp Lenard, Slovak-German physicist and academic

Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard (7 June 1862– 20 May 1947) was a Hungarian-born German physicist and the winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1905 for his work on cathode rays and the discovery of many of their properties. One of his most important contributions was the experimental realization of the photoelectric effect. He discovered that the energy (speed) of the electrons ejected from a cathode depends only on the wavelength, and not the intensity, of the incident light.

Lenard was a nationalist and anti-Semite; as an active proponent of the Nazi ideology, he supported Adolf Hitler in the 1920s and was an important role model for the "Deutsche Physik" movement during the Nazi period. Notably, he labeled Albert Einstein's contributions to science as "Jewish physics".

As a physicist, Lenard's major contributions were in the study of cathode rays, which he began in 1888. Prior to his work, cathode rays were produced in primitive, partially evacuated glass tubes that had metallic electrodes in them, across which a high voltage could be placed. Cathode rays were difficult to study using this arrangement, because they were inside sealed glass tubes, difficult to access, and because the rays were in the presence of air molecules. Lenard overcame these problems by devising a method of making small metallic windows in the glass that were thick enough to be able to withstand the pressure differences, but thin enough to allow passage of the rays. Having made a window for the rays, he could pass them out into the laboratory, or, alternatively, into another chamber that was completely evacuated. These windows have come to be known as Lenard windows. He was able to conveniently detect the rays and measure their intensity by means of paper sheets coated with phosphorescent materials.

Lenard observed that the absorption of cathode rays was, to first order, proportional to the density of the material they were made to pass through. This appeared to contradict the idea that they were some sort of electromagnetic radiation. He also showed that the rays could pass through some inches of air of a normal density, and appeared to be scattered by it, implying that they must be particles that were even smaller than the molecules in air. He confirmed some of J. J. Thomson's work, which eventually arrived at the understanding that cathode rays were streams of negatively charged energetic particles. He called them quanta of electricity or for short quanta, after Helmholtz, while Thomson proposed the name corpuscles, but eventually electrons became the everyday term. In conjunction with his and other earlier experiments on the absorption of the rays in metals, the general realization that electrons were constituent parts of the atom enabled Lenard to claim correctly that for the most part atoms consist of empty space. He proposed that every atom consists of empty space and electrically neutral corpuscules called "dynamids", each consisting of an electron and an equal positive charge.

As a result of his Crookes tube investigations, he showed that the rays produced by irradiating metals in a vacuum with ultraviolet light were similar in many respects to cathode rays. His most important observations were that the energy of the rays was independent of the light intensity, but was greater for shorter wavelengths of light.

These latter observations were explained by Albert Einstein as a quantum effect. This theory predicted that the plot of the cathode ray energy versus the frequency would be a straight line with a slope equal to Planck's constant, h. This was shown to be the case some years later. The photo-electric quantum theory was the work cited when Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. Suspicious of the general adulation of Einstein, Lenard became a prominent skeptic of relativity and of Einstein's theories generally; he did not, however, dispute Einstein's explanation of the photoelectric effect. Lenard grew extremely resentful of the credit accorded to Wilhelm Röntgen, who received the first Nobel Prize in physics in 1901, for the discovery of the X-ray, despite the fact that Röntgen was German and a non-Jew. Lenard wrote that he, not Roentgen, was the “mother of the X-rays,” since he had invented the apparatus used to produce them. Lenard likened Röntgen’s role to that of a “midwife” who merely assists with the birth.

Lenard received the 1905 Nobel Prize for Physics in recognition of this work.

Stamp issued by Guinea Bissau depicting Philipp Lenard

Guinea Bissau Nobel Prize Physics Philipp Lenard Germany

Chemistry: Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist and academic

Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer (31 October 1835 – 20 August 1917) was a German chemist who synthesized indigo and developed a nomenclature for cyclic compounds (that was subsequently extended and adopted as part of the IUPAC organic nomenclature). He was ennobled in the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1885 and was the 1905 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Baeyer charted his own path into science early on, performing experiments on plant nutrition at his paternal grandfather's Müggelsheim farm as a boy; back in the confines of Berlin, he took to the test tubes with chemical experimentation starting at the age of nine. Three years later, he synthesized a previously unknown chemical compound -double carbonate of copper and sodium. On his 13th birthday, he initiated his lifework, buying a chunk of indigo worth two Thalers for his first dye experiments.

When still a schoolboy, his chemistry teacher at the Friedrich Wilhelm Gymnasium appointed him as his assistant. After graduating from secondary school in 1853, he entered the Berlin University to study physics and mathematics. A stint in the Prussian army interrupted his study until 1856, when he returned to academia at the University of Heidelberg, intending to study chemistry under Robert Bunsen. After an argument with the renowned chemist, however, he changed his mentor to August Kekulé. He continued to collaborate with Kekule even after he returned to Berlin in 1858 for the completion of his doctorate on arsenic methyl chloride, or cacodylic chloride.

After completing his doctorate, he followed Kekulé to the University of Ghent, when Kekulé became professor there. He became a lecturer at the Berlin Gewerbeinstitut (Royal Trade Academy [de]) in 1860 and a Professor at the University of Strasbourg in 1871. In 1875, he succeeded Justus von Liebig as Chemistry Professor at the University of Munich.

Baeyer's chief achievements include the synthesis and description of the plant dye indigo, the discovery of the phthalein dyes, and the investigation of polyacetylenes, oxonium salts, nitroso compounds (1869) and uric acid derivatives (1860 and onwards) (including the discovery of barbituric acid (1864), the parent compound of the barbiturates). He was the first to propose the correct formula for indole in 1869, after publishing the first synthesis three years earlier. His contributions to theoretical chemistry include the 'strain' (Spannung) theory of triple bonds and strain theory in small carbon rings.

In 1871 he discovered the synthesis of phenolphthalein by condensation of phthalic anhydride with two equivalents of phenol under acidic conditions (hence the name). That same year he was the first to obtain synthetic fluorescein, a fluorophore pigment which is similar to naturally occurring pyoverdin that is synthesized by microorganisms (e.g., by some fluorescent strains of Pseudomonas). Baeyer named his finding "resorcinphthalein" as he had synthesized it from phthalic anhydride and resorcinol. The term fluorescein would not start to be used until 1878.

In 1872 he experimented with phenol and formaldehyde; the resinous product was a precursor for Leo Baekeland's later commercialization of Bakelite.

In 1881 the Royal Society of London awarded Baeyer the Davy Medal for his work with indigo. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1884. In 1905 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "in recognition of his services in the advancement of organic chemistry and the chemical industry, through his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds", and he continued in full active work as one of the best-known teachers in the world of organic chemistry up to within a year of his death.

Stamp issued by Guinea Bissau depicting Adolf von Baeyer

Guinea Bissau Nobel Prize Chemistry Adolf Von Baeyer Germany

Physiology or Medicine: Robert Koch, German physician and microbiologist

Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a German physician and microbiologist. As one of the main founders of modern bacteriology, he identified the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and gave experimental support for the concept of infectious disease, which included experiments on humans and other animals. Koch created and improved laboratory technologies and techniques in the field of microbiology, and made key discoveries in public health. His research led to the creation of Koch's postulates, a series of four generalized principles linking specific microorganisms to specific diseases that remain today the "gold standard" in medical microbiology.

During his time as the government advisor with the Imperial Department of Health in Berlin in the 1880s, Robert Koch became interested in tuberculosis research. At the time, it was widely believed that tuberculosis was an inherited disease. However, Koch was convinced that the disease was caused by a bacterium and was infectious, and tested his four postulates using guinea pigs. Through these experiments, he found that his experiments with tuberculosis satisfied all four of his postulates. In 1882, he published his findings on tuberculosis, in which he reported the causative agent of the disease to be the slow-growing Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

For his research on tuberculosis, Koch received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905. The Robert Koch Institute is named in his honor.

Belgium Robert Koch

German Reich 1944 Robert Koch

Germany 1982 Robert Koch

Germany Berlin 1960 Robert Koch

Hungary Robert Koch

Russia Robert Koch

Literature: Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish journalist and author

Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (5 May 1846 – 15 November 1916), also known by the pseudonym Litwos, was a Polish journalist, novelist and Nobel Prize laureate. He is best remembered for his historical novels, especially for his internationally known best-seller Quo Vadis (1896).

Born into an impoverished Polish noble family in Russian-ruled Congress Poland, in the late 1860s he began publishing journalistic and literary pieces. In the late 1870s he traveled to the United States, sending back travel essays that won him popularity with Polish readers. In the 1880s he began serializing novels that further increased his popularity. He soon became one of the most popular Polish writers of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and numerous translations gained him international renown, culminating in his receipt of the 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature for his "outstanding merits as an epic writer."

Many of his novels remain in print. In Poland he is best known for his "Trilogy" of historical novels – With Fire and Sword, The Deluge, and Sir Michael – set in the 17th-century Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; internationally he is best known for Quo Vadis, set in Nero's Rome. The Trilogy and Quo Vadis have been filmed, the latter several times, with Hollywood's 1951 version receiving the most international recognition.

Polish stamps depicting Henryk Sienkiewicz

Poland 1928 Henryk Sienkiewicz

Poland 1987 MNH, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish novelist, Nobel in Literature

Peace: Bertha von Suttner, Austrian journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)

Bertha Felicitas Sophie Freifrau von Suttner (9 June 1843 – 21 June 1914) was an Austrian-Bohemian pacifist and novelist. In 1905, she became the second female Nobel laureate (after Marie Curie in 1903), the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, and the first Austrian laureate.

In 1889 Suttner became a leading figure in the peace movement with the publication of her pacifist novel, Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms!), which made her one of the leading figures of the Austrian peace movement. The book was published in 37 editions and translated into 12 languages. She witnessed the foundation of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and called for the establishment of the Austrian Gesellschaft der Friedensfreunde pacifist organisation in an 1891 Neue Freie Presse editorial. Suttner became chairwoman and also founded the German Peace Society the next year. She became known internationally as the editor of the international pacifist journal Die Waffen nieder!, named after her book, from 1892 to 1899. In 1897 she presented Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria with a list of signatures urging the establishment of an International Court of Justice and took part in the First Hague Convention in 1899 with the help of Theodor Herzl, who paid for her trip as a correspondent of the Zionist newspaper, Die Welt.

Upon her husband's death in 1902, Suttner had to sell Harmannsdorf Castle and moved back to Vienna. In 1904 she addressed the International Congress of Women in Berlin and for seven months travelled around the United States, attending a universal peace congress in Boston and meeting President Theodore Roosevelt.

Though her personal contact with Alfred Nobel had been brief, she corresponded with him until his death in 1896, and it is believed that she was a major influence on his decision to include a peace prize among those prizes provided in his will, which she was awarded in the fifth term on 10 December 1905. The presentation took place on 18 April 1906 in Kristiania.

German and Austrian stamps depicting Bertha von Suttner

Germany Women 200 PF Bertha von Suttner

Austria 1965, 60th anniv Nobel Prize Bertha von Suttner

Austria 2009 Bertha von Suttner Novelist Nobel Price Winner Sheet.