Wednesday, December 04, 2019

December 4th in stamps Galvani, Hafstein, Franco

Here are some events that happened on December 4th. It could be an event or a person that died or was born on that day


1798 Died: Luigi Galvani, Italian physician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1737)

Luigi Galvani (9 September 1737 – 4 December 1798) was an Italian physician, physicist, biologist and philosopher, who discovered animal electricity. He is recognized as the pioneer of bioelectromagnetics. In 1780, he discovered that the muscles of dead frogs' legs twitched when struck by an electrical spark. This was one of the first forays into the study of bioelectricity, a field that still studies the electrical patterns and signals from tissues such as the nerves and muscles. Galvani's wife Lucia Galeazzi Galvani encouraged his independent research, and served as a counselor, collaborator and guide for his experiments until her death. Due to the conventions of the time she wasn't credited for any scientific work she may have done in the laboratory. She grew up with science and her father was a prominent member of the Bologna Academy of Science.

1934 Luigi Galvani

Italy - 1991 Radio centenary  Galvani



1861 Born: Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 1922)

Hannes Þórður Pétursson Hafstein (4 December 1861 – 13 December 1922) was an Icelandic politician and poet. In 1904 he became the first Icelander to be appointed to the Danish Cabinet as the Minister for Iceland in the Cabinet of Deuntzer and was – unlike the previous Minister for Iceland Peter Adler Alberti – responsible to the Icelandic Althing.

The Alþingi (parliament (Icelandic) and anglicised as Althingi or Althing) is the national parliament of Iceland. It is the oldest surviving parliament in the world, a claim shared by Tynwald.[3] The Althing was founded in 930 at Þingvellir ("thing fields" or "assembly fields"), situated approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) east of what later became the country's capital, Reykjavík. Even after Iceland's union with Norway in 1262, the Althing still held its sessions at Þingvellir until 1800, when it was discontinued. It was restored in 1844 and moved to Reykjavík, where it has resided ever since.

Iceland 1953 2.45k Hannes Hafstein

Iceland 1953 5k Hannes Hafstein

Iceland Poet Hafstein Sheet.



1892 Born:  Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1975)

Francisco Franco Bahamonde(4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general and politician who ruled over Spain as Head of State and dictator under the title Caudillo from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975. This period in Spanish history is commonly known as Francoist Spain or the Francoist dictatorship.

On 1 October 1936, in Burgos, Franco was publicly proclaimed as Generalísimo of the National army and Jefe del Estado (Head of State). When Mola was killed in another air accident a year later (which some believe was an assassination) (2 June 1937), no military leader was left from those who organized the conspiracy against the Republic between 1933 and 1935


Franco remains a controversial figure in Spanish history, but it is worth noting that the nature of his dictatorship changed over time. His reign was marked by both brutal repression, with thousands killed, and economic prosperity, which greatly improved the quality of life in Spain. Franco's dictatorial style proved very adaptable, which could introduce social and economic reform, and the only consistent points in Franco's long rule were above all authoritarianism, Spanish nationalism, national Catholicism, anti-Freemasonry, and anti-communism.


Spain - 1949, 4p General Franco stamp




FRANCO SANCHEZ ALL - 867/878 - YEAR 1939


Spain 1954 Sc# 815/33 General Franco


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